The 49th Independence Anniversary of Guinea Bissau

The 49th Independence Anniversary of Guinea Bissau

Guinea Bissau gained its independence from the Portuguese colonizer in September 1974. The country had fallen under this colonization since 1879, and later became one of the Portuguese provinces located overseas. 

In 1956, Amilcar Cabral established the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), and the war of liberation against the Portuguese presence started in 1963. The party succeeded to liberate two-thirds of the country, and the citizens of the liberated areas elected the first National People's Assembly in 1972.

In January 1973, Amilcar Cabral was assassinated, and Guinea Bissau unilaterally declared its independence from Portugal. Luis Cabral (one of the party leaders and brother of Amilcar Cabral) became president. The Liberation War ended with Portugal's recognition of the independence of Guinea Bissau on September 10, 1974. National Day is celebrated on September 24th every year.