The 54nd Anniversary of Equatorial Guinea's Independence
Equatorial Guinea gained its independence from the Spanish colonizer on October 12th, 1968. The first European contact with the country occurred in 1471 by the Portuguese, and in the middle of the 19th century, Spain took control of the region and established the colony of Spanish Guinea in 1959.
In 1963, Spanish Guinea was granted a degree of autonomy and named Equatorial Guinea. With the increase of popular pressure, rejection of the colonial presence, and the repeated call for independence, Spain announced that it would grant Equatorial Guinea independence, and the country gained its independence on October 12th, 1968.