Episode Two: Egypt and the African House through 55 years between continuity and change

Episode Two: Egypt and the African House through 55 years between continuity and change

Episode Two: Egypt and the African House through 55 years between continuity and change

 

Africa after Gamal Abdel Nasser.

 

After Egypt’s first presidency of the African Union – the former Organization of African Unity – in 1964, Egypt’s foreign policy continued to continue its regional role towards our continent, and Egypt’s support for the Organization of African Unity continued during the era of “President Sadat”, and Egypt was at that time the engine of the Arab-African summit talks. In 1977, Egyptian diplomacy succeeded at that time in supporting Egyptian-African relations and building African solidarity through coordination with the countries of the Arab-African group. The first Arab-African summit was held in 1977, and Egypt hosted 65 Arab and African countries on its soil. A political declaration on the basic principles That governs Arab-African cooperation, and another declaration on Arab-African economic and financial cooperation. An institutional structure for cooperation was established that included (the summit conference, an Arab-African Council of Ministers, a permanent committee for cooperation, a coordination committee, and an Arab-African court serving as a judicial body).

 

It should be noted here that the second Arab-African Summit was held in October, 2010 in the Libyan city of Sirte. It was attended by 66 Arab and African countries, under the slogan “Towards an Arab-African Strategic Partnership”. Then, the third Arab-African Summit was held in 2013 in Kuwait, under the slogan “Partners in Development and Investment”, while the Fourth Summit in Equatorial Guinea for the year 2016 under the slogan “Together for Sustainable Development and Economic Cooperation between Africa and the Arab World”. We are in the process of making a date with the Fifth Arab-African Summit, which is scheduled to be held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, this year.

 

Then came the era of “President Mubarak” with a different policy characterized by neutrality towards the thorny issues, and Egypt continued to support both Rhodesia – now Zimbabwe – and South Africa in their cases to confront racial discrimination. It is mentioned here that “Mandla” chose Egypt as the first country to visit after he was released after he spend Nearly 27 years in prison on charges of inciting violence and conspiring with foreign countries, and the hospitality with which Egypt and its people received him at the time.

 

Egypt followed the policy of neutrality during the Mubarak era – which was at the same time the policy adopted by the Organization of African Unity to resolve disputes at the time – towards thorny issues such as the conflict between Libya and Chad, and the Sudanese-Ethiopian conflict due to Sudan hosting the Eritrean Liberation Front, which was the result of Egypt’s neutral policy Consistent with the principle of the Organization of Unity at that time, Egypt assumed the presidency of the Organization of African Unity twice, once in 1989 and again in 1993.