Gamal Abdel Nasser and the loss of Sudan

Gamal Abdel Nasser and the loss of Sudan

Reviewed by: Wafaa El-houseiny

Translated by: Abdulrhman Abdulnaeem Omar 

Gamal Abdel Nasser and the loss of Sudan

By: Amr Sabih

 The political separation of Sudan from Egypt took place 19 years before the birth of Gamal Abdel Nasser, and the border line between Egypt and Sudan was determined 12 years before the birth of Gamal Abdel Nasser, and the 1923 Constitution, which specified the name of the ruler of Egypt as the King of Egypt, and the deletion of Sudan was done while Gamal Abdel Nasser was a child at five years old, and Egypt's military separation from Sudan was done while Gamal Abdel Nasser was a child at six years old, and Egypt's water separation from Sudan was done while Gamal Abdel Nasser was a child at eleven years old. Egyptian Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Nahhas agreed to grant Sudan the right to self-determination in 1937, and Gamal Abdel Nasser was 19 years old. He joined the Military College in the same year.

 The last ruler of the Muhammad Ali family allowed by the English to visit Sudan was Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, who visited Sudan in 1902, after which his successors from the rulers of the Muhammad Ali Pasha family did not set foot in the territory of Sudan again until the overthrow of the throne of King Farouk and his expulsion from Egypt on July 26, 1952.

 No Egyptian government throughout the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha included a minister from Sudan, nor has any Sudanese been elected to Egyptian representative councils since the establishment of the Shura Council of Representatives in 1866 during the reign of Khedive Ismail until the last House of Representatives and the Senate during the reign of King Farouk I.

 There is no Egyptian currency throughout the rule of the royal era that is inscribed or written on the title of the King of Egypt and Sudan, all currencies bear the title of the King of Egypt.

The Sudanese House of Representatives voted unanimously to secede from Egypt in 1951, a year before Gamal Abdel Nasser's revolution.

When Mustafa al-Nahhas canceled the 1936 treaty on October 8, 1951, and with it the bilateral governance agreement for Sudan, his government prepared a decree with a bill that Sudan should have a special constitution to be drawn up by a constituent assembly representing the people of Sudan, which means recognizing the independence of Sudan from Egypt.

What does it mean for Sudan to have a constitution in the hands of its people that is different from the constitution of Egypt?!

Gamal Abdel Nasser left no stone unturned to unite Egypt and Sudan for the benefit of the people of the Nile Valley from the first day of the revolution, but the English planned for the separation between Egypt and Sudan from the first moment of their occupation of Egypt in 1882, 36 years before "Gamal Abdel Nasser" was born, and they succeeded in this through the Sudanese political leaders, headed by the late Ismail Al-Azhari, who changed his position from an advocate for unity between Egypt and Sudan to a leader for the secession of Sudan from Egypt when Abdel Nasser found that the leaders of Sudan wanted to rule Sudan themselves away from being linked to unity with Egypt, he agreed to grant them the right to self-determination and was able to achieve the independence of Sudan and Egypt.


- In the Heals of the Egyptian Revolution.. Part 1 & 2: Abdul Rahman Al-Rafi 'i.

- Mustafa Kamel, the motive of the national movement: Abdul Rahman Al-Rafi 'i.

Egypt and Sudan.  Separation by Confidential Documents: Muhsin Mohammed

- Nasser and the African Revolution: Mohammed Fayek.