Samura Machel, the revolutionary leader

Samura Machel, the revolutionary leader

Of all we have done, history will transcribe the transformation of the armed conflict into an ongoing revolution contributed to build a new society; thus our liberation war was not to change Portuguese injustice with Mozambican injustice nor European oppression with African oppression nor foreigner oppression with national oppression. In the end unity and Victory is one goal" 

(From the speech of Mozambican leader Samura Machel to his people)


Samura Moisys Michel, called "President Samura", was born on 29th September 1933 for a poor farming family in a village in Gaza province of southern Mozambique and he died on 19th October 1986. In order to complete his education, he worked as a nurse in a Mozambican hospital so he could attend a night school until he left his country to join the national struggle.

He was known as the hardened soldier and the persuasive speaker. He was a military and revolutionary socialist against both racism and tribalism. He also had many titles, including the revolutionary leader.

Before becoming the first President of the independent Republic of Mozambique in 1975 - after a Portuguese occupation of nearly four and a half centuries - he joined the Liberation Front of Mozambique for independence from Portugal known as the Frelimo, which was sent to Egypt and Algeria to train militarily. And later he became its leader in 1969, in addition to his support for the rest of the liberation movements in the continent, especially the liberation movements in South Africa and Zimbabwe. His firm doctrine was that Mozambique would achieve its true independence only after all the oppressed had been liberated - not only on the Dark Continent but also abroad - and because of this rooted dogma, Mozambique has become the safe refuge of all liberation movements.

He is one of the founders of the Organization of African Unity (AU), which was established one year after the recommendations of the Addis Ababa Conference in May 1962. Addis Ababa was chosen as the organization's headquarters in 1963 during the signing of the Constitutive Charter.

He is considered as the founder of the African unity organization, the African Union now, which was founded one year after the recommendations (Addis Ababa conference) in May 1962. Therefore Addis Ababa has been selected as a seat to the organization in 1963 during the signing of the founding charter.   

He has made many reforms for national reconstruction in his country, focusing on health and education, and developing educational institutions and hospitals. In the same path of "Nasser" in Egypt, Samura nationalized all the state lands and wealth of the country. This made him enjoy the great popularity of his people, which was honored by his people after his death by creating numerous statues in all squares and raising various signs presenting slogans such as : (Samura did not die, he is living in our conscience), and they have launched his name on many streets and institutions.

He also received many awards and honors, including the Lenin Peace Prize, the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, and Nishan José Martí.

In the era of the late Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt hosted the liberation movements of Mozambique even before it united under the name of the Ferlimo. Egypt also has opened an office of the National Democratic Union of Mozambique, and activated its media and political characters. Furthermore, Egypt prepared and trained them and provided all forms of political and technical support until Mozambique gained its independence. Egypt was the first Arab country to be recognized, and opened its embassy in the capital Maputo; it was the first Arab embassy in Mozambique, and signed with it various agreements, including the cooperation agreement between the Egyptian Fund of Technical Cooperation with Africa and Mozambique in 1985.