July 23 revolution and its impact on social mobility
The July 1952 revolution, led by leader Gamal Abdel Nasser, sought to make education the strongest driving force in the society, which in turn would affect societal development starting by the base of the social pyramid.
Therefore, we find in the first ten years (1952-1962)of the army movement, which turned into a popular social revolution, that the State- since the 1952 revolution- has spent on education (representing a key pillar in the nationalist renaissance project) twice what was spent in the previous seventy years since the Arab defeat and Muhammed Ali’s seizure of power in Egypt (1882-1952).
According to statistics, 200 million pounds were spent from 1882 to 1952 (=70 years).
On the other hand, 400 million pounds were spent from 1952 to 1962 (=10 years).
The numbers clearly indicate the difference in education costs, regardless of the serious events that occurred during those years in Egypt:
1- Nationalization of the Suez Canal and the tripartite aggression.
2- Unity with Syria and then secession.
3- Supporting the liberation revolutions in the third world.